What is the difference between eau de cologne, eau de toilette, eau de parfum and essence?

The difference is basically based on two aspects; one is linked closely with the production (different concentration in alcohol formula), the other concerns the creation and the choice of raw materials.

Eau de cologne

The eau de cologne is fragrance bonded to a natural concept of well-being for the body, thanks to its small alcohol content and perfume concentration (3-5%).
For men, they can also become aftershaves.

Eau de toilette

In the eau de toilette the strong concentration of perfume, about 12/15%, and bigger alcohol presence highlight the evaporation and emphasize the initial impact. Following traditional recipes, the perfumer/creator insists on the top notes emphasizing the liveliness, choosing sparkling notes like citrus fruits and marine. In the composition the head prevails, capturing delicate trails for casual or discrete creations.

Eau de parfum

The eau de parfum, concentration in alcohol between (15% to 20%), the heart is the most important part of the formula. The perfumer/creator increases the composition of the flower and fruits notes to create a formula which exalts richness and seduction.


The essence’s the product in which the oil concentration in alcohol is stronger, till arriving at the pure extract. The maximum diffusion and persistence become a relevant criteria. Consequently, an optimal result emphasizes both the concentration and the bottom composition. The choice of raw mterials falls on warm and noble notes like precious woods and gourmand, sensual notes like musk, amber and the musky notes that reinforce the perfume.

Classification of Olfactory Families.


It’s a classification system used to divide perfumes into groups based on the elements that make them up. The various facets will help to define its originality. Each family has a series of recognizable elements through which it is possible to classify perfumes. Knowing the ingredients contained in a perfume is certainly very important, but the list of components will not allow you to grasp its true nature. Classifying and recognizing in a perfume the dominant character is one of the keys of reading that allow the real definition of its inspiration and interpret the emotional message.

Citrus Family

Fougére Family

Oriental Amber Family

Aromatic Spicy Family

Floral Family

Wooden Family

Powder Family

Musky family